Social CRM: Game Changer

Customer Relationship Management System (CRM) is a system to manage current and potential customers. It usually makes use of the incentive program and membership program to attract customers, thereby enhancing revisit rate and customer loyalty. The system collects data from members and customers to conduct big data analysis. Today it isn’t enough! You have to collect the ‘’Fans’ ‘data as well. We call it Social CRM.

 

Social CRM

Social CRM-Fans to Customers

 

‘’Fans’’ is a new keyword which emerges in recent years. Fans are potential customers who have interest in the products or services. The keyword “fans” is closely related to social media. Many merchants start running their own Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, We Chat and etc. Social media allows footprint collection and interaction with fans. You can engage with fans and ‘get likes’ to increase loyal customers.

 

Social CRM: Low Conversion Rate?

 

Just recently, I was invited to ’like’ and ‘follow’ a Facebook page by a restaurant. As a return, it offered a cocktail for free. I believe everyone shares the same experience right? Shops offer discounts to induce fans on Facebook, and most people will do that. However how many of you un-follow the Facebook page afterward? The promotion is effective but only work for a while. Only a few fans will keep following the Facebook page. Therefore, the conversion rate is low while the cost can be quite expensive.

’Content’ and ‘engagement’ is the foundation of Social CRM. Fans may leave you once they found your content not interesting. Continued engagement is more important than discounts. Instead of spending money to offer discounts, it is more effective to spend resources to enrich your content.

 

Social CRM-Big Data

 

Social Marketing is the trend of the times. Many enterprises reduce traditional media advertising and spend more resources on Social Media. They made videos, info-graphic, text to interact with fans. Fans and visitors response and sometimes even engage with you.

Those engagements from fans are valuable data, which represents the consumption behavior and preference. Don’t waste them! What you need is an automatic CRM system which allows data analysis, data collection, continued monitoring and prediction. Like Google Ads, they collect your footprint and cookies on internet, analysis and then deliver related advertisements. If you search shoes on the internet then you will most likely see a shoe advertisement on Facebook.

Social CRM allows enterprises to engage with fans and customers across multiple channels. This is precious because it understands of customer needs more effectively than more marketing research ever could. Social CRM is redefining customer relationships management and also reshaping long-standing business processes.

 

Other articles:

 

Big Data Analysis-CRM Big Data

Big Data Analysis- Collection

 

Extended reading:

 

Understand your customers better with big data

Will Big Data Finally Turn CRM Into Something Truly Valuable?

What Is Social Marketing? And How Does It Work?

Big Data Analysis-CRM Big Data

Some may see Big Data as something distant and complicated therefore not applicable to small and medium enterprises. The truth is Big Data can be practical and profitable. We can use the CRM (customer relationship management) system to practice big data analysis. Let’s see an example of CRM Big Data.

CRM Big Data

 

Akindo Sushiro is one of Japan’s number one chain sushi restaurants with more than 440 stores nationwide. It takes the lead in implanting wafers under sushi plates to calculate the distance travel by sushi on the slewing belt. Each dish of sushi walking at a predetermined distance will be withdrawn to maintain the freshness of the food to guarantee the quality.

In June 2015, Merchant Sushi Lang launched a Smartphone app (App), allowing guests to book a table through the app. Guests enter the telephone number, region and schedule time. The app will display the waiting time of all the stores in the area. The app will then issue a reservation number. Once the customers arrive at the store at the preserved time, they key in the reservation number on the electronic board outside the store. The electronic board receives the message and the seat will be arranged.

 

CRM Big Data-Collecting Effectively

 

This app solves the problem of long waiting time, also making the booking much easier. It benefits customers and most importantly, customers are giving out their information willingly.

Some guests may provide false information in phone or paper during the registration and booking, which affects the accuracy of big data analysis.

By using the Smartphone app’s online booking system, guests can learn the availability of the table, obtain the reservation number and compare the waiting time between different restaurants. The popup notification function is also available. The app notifies users once the table is ready. These user-friendly and convenient functions successfully motivate lots of guests to download the app. They are now happy to leave their true information like phone number, GPS location, age in order to place the booking, which guarantees the validity of the data.

 

CRM Big Data-Analysis and Insights

 

The app includes membership program, promotions, and coupons. This package offers not only discounts but also a more convenient and easier way which saves time for guests. All they need to do is to download and register. When the app became more mature and smooth, they further released the take-out service function. This required customer to provide more detailed personal information like the delivery address. Address of your customers can be very useful because it can tell whether it is a business or residential. It indicates the income level of your customers which suggest which groups you should target on.

The merchant’s CRM System integrates the guest’s data and carries out an analysis. The system tracks customers all activities like which store he went to, how many people visited, when did he enter, when did he left, what did he eat, how much he spent, did he use any coupons, did he click the promotions/advertisements through the app and etc.

Once the guest books through the app again, the data management systems will analysis the previous consumption data and conduct preliminary data mining and analysis. The app will offer custom, unique and attractive member discounts which base on the customer’s preference. In other words, every guest may receive different member discounts. If the CRM system detects a customer prefer salmon than tonguefish, the app delivers promotions on salmon more often. This is so-called Precision Marketing or Targeting Marketing, which significantly increases marketing successful rate.

CRM big data 3

 

Know Yourself, Know Your Customers. CRM Big Data assists you to draw up successful marketing strategies and giving you insights on managing existing customers.  Small, medium and big enterprises can utilize the advantages of CRM system through big data analysis.

 

 

Other articles:

 

Big Data Analysis- Collection

 

Extended reading:

 

Understand your customers better with big data

Will Big Data Finally Turn CRM Into Something Truly Valuable?

What Is Social Marketing? And How Does It Work?

大數據行銷-是捕捉客人的真命天子?

大數據行銷-這架列車亦吸引了台灣速食連鎖龍頭麥當勞搭上,麥當勞目前已有多項支付方案正在進行或計劃推出,包含「麥當勞點點卡」、「信用卡小額支付」服務、與發卡銀行合作發行「麥當勞聯名卡」等。沒錯,以提供優惠來吸引和鞏固顧客絕非新鮮事。然而,在大數據爆炸的年代,這些客戶產生的數據就是21世紀的新石油,只要好好利用,香港的企業其實可以同樣借鏡參考。

 

大數據行銷

 

大數據行銷-提高精準行銷命中

透過這些會員管理系統(Member Management System),能有效精準地收集顧客消費數據。以台灣麥當勞的會員卡系統為例,客戶持卡消費除了免卻現金支付及找零的麻煩外,最有價值的部分莫過於蒐集大量且精準的客戶消費資訊。在顧客點擊、瀏覽產品、下單、付款等等這些客戶接觸點中,顧客都會產生大量數據。就好像是一幅幅客戶的自畫像。零售商可以清楚地掌握會員消費的時間、地點、品項、數量及金額,這些都是非常寶貴的企業經營數據,有助了解客戶的喜好、消費行為與消費模式,並可掌握產品銷售的情報與熱度。

要知道,同一套的優惠計劃並不能吸引所有人,正所謂「一樣米養百樣人」,折扣(discount)對某些人很吸引,但對另一些人,出席活動的優先性或是會員特權(privilege)才更具吸引力。

透過大數據分析(Big Data Analysis),可以精準掌握客戶需求和喜好習慣,零售系統便可以各類型的溝通管道,例如簡訊、App推播、Facebook、Line或是email,不定期或在特定節慶或時間(event-based)將客製化、個人化的產品與促銷活動訊息提供給會員,達到精準行銷的目的。你亦可以將會員分門別類,提供針對以特定客群為導向的市場營銷策略,提高銷售的命中。

新零售新行銷,都是基於大數據。只要好好利用,與CRM (Customer Relationship Management System)結合,便能加強對顧客需求的了解,改善顧客消費體驗,以提高顧客忠誠度(customer loyalty)

其他數據行銷故事:

客戶關係管理-邂逅大數據

從粉底說數據行銷

數據行銷第一步

延伸閱讀

Understand your customers better with big data

Will Big Data Finally Turn CRM Into Something Truly Valuable?

What Is Social Marketing? And How Does It Work?

粉絲經營學:「呃Like」和做好內容還是不夠的

Jeff Tsui在媒體行業擁有超過30年的經驗,在主流和新興媒體等領域擁有廣泛的專業知識。他創辦了多家IT公司,在戰略規劃,工作流程和公司結構設計,營銷和銷售以及管理積累了豐富的經驗。Jeff是一位受歡迎的專欄作家和電台主持人。

有一種說法,做零售業的,若仍然未經營「客戶關係管理」(Customer Relationship Management SystemCRM),就等於是自殺行為。所謂CRM,簡言之,就是把客戶轉換為「會員」,然後透過「激勵計劃」(Incentive Program),吸引會員持續重訪,從而提升會員的銷售額、黏著度(Viscosity)和終生價值(Lifetime Value)。不過,今時今日,企業要收集的已經不止是「會員」(MemberVIP)的數據,還有「粉絲」(Fans),就是透過Social Media吸引回來的讚好網民。吸引了粉絲,再進行數據分析,我們稱之為Social CRM。

Social Marketing

這篇文章嘗試為大家解答以下三個問題:

1. 為什麼用「著數」吸引人們讚好企業/商戶的Facebook Page,轉換成客戶的比率通常很低?

2. 社會營銷(Social Marketing)究竟怎樣做才有效?

3. 企業花了大量資源經營各種「數位行銷」(Digital Marketing),吸引了大量「粉絲」,怎樣做才可以把粉絲轉換成長期客戶?

送禮品吸 Facebook Page 粉絲究竟 Work Work

在解釋如何經營粉絲之前,讓我先說說最近的一個尋常經歷:

一天之內,我被兩次要求Like 商戶的Facebook Page來取得禮品,一次是電訊商1010,另一次是以車仔麵成名的永年士多,前者以送出無線mouse吸引講座參加者做這個動作,後者則以永年士多鎖匙扣引誘客戶Like & Share一個有關一周年誌慶的貼文。

這種用贈品來誘導客戶或是任何人Like/Subscribe企業的Facebook Page或其他社交媒體帳戶,確實是近年常用手法,用意十分明顯,就是希望令企業/商戶的社交媒體在短時間之內大幅增加「粉絲」(Fans)數目。

不過,究竟WorkWork?我有很大的懷疑!

送出贈品來跟潛在客戶產生engagement並非新鮮事情,以前商戶透過雜誌送出試用裝亦屬此招。所以,我說這個方法其來有自,就是利用人貪小便宜的心態建立初步關係。

我對這種方法一直有所保留,一來成本不輕,二來潛在客戶拿完著數之後通常就會「潛水」,轉換率(conversion rate)很低。

Social Marketing

Social MarketingPasserby with Engagement to Fans

再來談談「粉絲」(Fans)這個近年冒起的關鍵詞,「粉絲」就是那些曾對商戶的產品或服務產生興趣卻仍未購買的「潛在客戶」。

「粉絲」這個關鍵詞跟社交媒體(Social Media)當然有密切關係。自從有了社交媒體,不少商戶都經營自己的FacebookTwitterYouTube、微信……,作為市場推廣的工具。社交媒體的好處是讓「路過者」(Passerby)留下足跡,跟貼文/視頻互動(Engage),並進一步透過Like你的Page/Channel成為「粉絲」,以方便繼續留意你的動態。

於是,這些年頭,經營「粉絲」也成為市場推廣人員的重點工作。如何在網海吸引網民的注意力,成為「路過者」(Passerby),繼而成為「粉絲」(Fans),再轉換成為「客戶」(Customer)成了社交媒體年代一門重要的市場推廣學問,我們稱之為「社會營銷」(Social Marketing)。

content marketing

Content Marketing的「三有」:有認同感、有趣、有用

以下是我對社會營銷的一些想法,並非介紹一些實質的操作方法,更多的是對目前一些操作方法提出質疑。

這些年,Like Facebook Page就可獲得優惠或禮品大行其道,但Like完之後不少人拿完「著數」之後就會刪Like

有人會說,總會有些人是留下來的吧!沒錯,不過留下來的也只是令Page的讚好人數多了,不代表他們會持續跟你「互動」(engage),因為當初吸引他們的是「著數」,而不是你的貼文本身有他們認同、覺得有用或是覺得有趣的內容。

「內容」(Content)才是社會營銷的重點,而不是「著數」,與其花錢送出禮物,不如花多點精力和資源做好內容,用優質的內容吸引「路過者」自願地跟你「互動」,再成為你的「粉絲」,我們稱這為「內容營銷」(Content Marketing),只有這樣,關係會更容易轉換為「客戶」。

怎樣才算是優質的內容?其實我已經在之前留下了引子,就是「三有」:有認同感、有趣和有用。

「三有」的「內容營銷」跟傳統廣告有很大分別。過去傳統廣告主要是透過重覆的展示讓客戶產生直接的購買慾望或說擁有慾望,而內容營銷的主要目標則是透過內容分享讓路過者、粉絲和客戶對企業產生好感、認同的情緒。由於這種認同或好感的情緒,成為企業的產品或是服務的忠實支持者,在行動上包括了購買產品/服務和協助推廣,後者是傳統廣告做不到的。

CRM Big Data

致勝方程式:Social + Content + CRM Big Data

說了這麼多社會營銷和內容營銷,究竟跟客戶關係管理(CRM)有什麼關係呢?

目前很多做社會營銷的,無論是企業自身內部經營還是外判給服務公司,都沒有結合CRM的操作,以致欠缺有效的將「粉絲」轉換為「客戶」的跟進工作,又或是透過客戶的社媒活動增加對他們的了解,從而進行更精準的行銷(Precision Marketing)。

什麼是CRM?簡單的說法,就是增強客戶與企業/商戶之間的關係,若再加上Big Data,定義就會來得更清晰,CRM Big Data就是透過對每一名客戶的個人數據進行分析,因而對他的購買喜好有深度了解,進要對他的未來購買行為有精準預測,商戶就可以在適當的時間、以適當的手法和符合客戶心意的激勵計劃誘導他進行消費。

Social CRM就是Social Marketing + Data Marketing

很多社會營銷都是止於「粉絲」在社交媒體跟你的貼文互動。沒錯,做到這一步已經十分不容易,但仍然不夠好,又或說未能夠將「粉絲」功能全面發揮。

要全面發揮粉絲功能,就必須結合CRM的操作,進行粉絲行為數據的持續收集及分析,並在合適的時候以合適的渠道發放優惠訊息,吸引他們成為會員,對於已是客戶/會員的粉絲,也要將他們的社媒行為數據有系統及持續收集並儲存至會員數據庫內。當然上述操作都必須符合當地法例,並得到粉絲和客戶/會員的同意。

「數位營銷」(Digital Marketing)乃大勢所趨,很多企業減少傳統媒體廣告投放,把大量資源於網絡上。最基本的就是做好公司的網站,然後做Search Engine OptimizationPay Per ClickSMSMMSWhatsApp Broadcasting,再經營自己的社交媒體,進行「社會營銷」(Social Marketing),製作VideoInfographic和文字內容,即所謂的「內容營銷」(Content Marketing)。看,這是多麼浩大的工程啊!

做了大量的工作,卻沒走多一步,就是數據收集、儲存、標籤和分析,我們稱這為「數據營銷」(Data Marketing),而這一步正是提高「粉絲轉換率」和「顧客終生價值」(Customer Lifetime Value)的關鍵一步,你說是不是有點可惜?

數據的價值已經是無法可以高估或是誇大其詞的了,在花費大量資源進行各種營銷活動時,切勿忘記當中產生了很多具價值的客戶或是粉絲數據,不要把它丟在一旁不理,這些數據能夠大幅提升你的市場推廣收穫。

 

客戶分析:了解客戶的方法

了解客戶對您的業務至關重要。

了解您的客戶有助於您提供更好的服務並識別您的目標客戶群。如果未能確定目標群體,則很難推廣您的產品。

因此,有必要找出哪些客戶真正對您提供的服務或產品感興趣。

了解客戶的方法

親和力分析

通過這種方法,您可以研究人們的購買習慣,以確定特定客戶需要哪種產品。因此,如果您遇到購買了大量書籍、文學和文具的人,他們很有可能從事教學業務,也許可能有興趣購買更多的教育產品。

人口統計分析

業務專家強調使用人口統計資料來了解哪種產品與特定客戶點擊。通過人口統計分析,您可以查看各種詳細信息,例如地理位置,婚姻狀況和個人的教育程度,以確定您可以向他們出售的內容。

例如,一個有孩子和高薪酬的男人可能更願意購買海外度假套餐而不是一個幾乎無法管理日常開支的男人。

心理剖析

通過理解他們的心理動機,心理分析可以用來講述一個人。例如,當你看到一個人駕駛寶馬並穿著名牌服裝時,很容易猜到他們喜歡身份象徵符號。顯然,如果你正在銷售阿瑪尼手錶,他們就會想要購買它。

生活方式編碼

生活方式編碼通過查看他們的愛好和習慣,幫助您了解一個人的生活方式。例如,如果你遇到喜歡賽車的人,他們也可能對老式汽車和時尚汽車配件感興趣。

群集編碼

階級和社交活動緊密相連,賺取高薪並為跨國公司工作的人可能對正式服裝、筆記本電腦、PDA和手機感興趣。群集編碼可幫助您從客戶所屬的階級推測他們的生活方式和偏好。

無論您從事何種業務,了解客戶的需求都可以幫助您更好地為客戶服務,了解他們對您的期望,這樣您就不會讓大數據行銷:為客戶畫像他們對你的產品產品感到失望。

.

文章來源:

”Customer Profiling: Methods to Understanding Your Customers” by R. Khera

延伸閱讀:

大數據行銷:為客戶畫像

數據行銷:如何讓客戶自願給你個人數據

收集客戶數據的三個最佳方法

八大数据分析模型(一):用户模型

Understand your customers better with big data

Will Big Data Finally Turn CRM Into Something Truly Valuable?